Prevalance of Simulium Species in Kızılırmak River at Ankara and Kırıkkale Regions
In this study, within the boundaries of the river Kizilirmak River Basin, Kirikkale and Ankara aimed at the determination of the fauna of Simuliidae.
The materials of the study were a total of 8877 samples including 7509 larva, 372 end-stage larva and 996 pupae from nine different station (Kalecik, Bala, Yahşihan, Merkez (Kirikkale), Bahşılı, Keskin, Karakeçili, Çelebi, Sulakyurt) of Kızılırmak river and branches of Kızılırmak Basin bounded by the borders of Kırıkkale and Ankara province between March 2009 and October 2010. Diagnostic examined and assessed by key stereo microscope. After the idenfications, S. petricolum, S. equinum, S. pseudequinum, S. lineatum, S. balcanicum, S. erythrocephalum and S. alajense were detected as species level, S.angustipes and S. ornatum were detected as group level. Simulium. petricolum (25.73%) was the most prevalent specie while S. alajense (0.02%) was the least.
In conclusion, Simuliiumlineatum, S. pseudequinum, S. balcanicum and S. alajense were detected in Kızılırmak basin previously but S. petricolum,S. equinum and S. erythrocephalum were recorded first time in this place.
Keywords: Ankara, identification, Kirikkale, Kızılırmak River Basin, prevalence, Simulium spp.