TRADE UNIONS and THEIR SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVE FUTURE
In a time when change is accelerating and an awareness that dictates that values and organisations to be reconsidered, and the concepts of the industrial society such as workmanship and employership are being restudied as phenomena that change with new transitions, union managers too clearly state the need for restructuring. Due to technological development, the rate of white-collar workers in the workforce has risen against the blue-collar workers. An important change that has been a factor and a result of the change in economic prosperity and transition to high technology has been the rise of average levels of education and learning. The workforce,
comprised mostly of highly-skilled white-collar workers who are better educated than previous generations and possess a higher income level, has seen a change in attitude and behavior in the matters of unionization and labor struggle. In addition to this, business managements also develop management techniques such as human resources management that enable employees to participate, and develops conflict free relationships by establishing a direct dialogue with employees with applications such as quality circles, team work and satisfaction surveys. Trade unions are required to create new organizational structures to satisfy the needs of rapid change in technology and the new position of the workforce with knowledge. On the other hand, developments in the aftermath of the 1980s led to neo-liberal policies taking over the whole world. Dismissals under the name of flexible labour market, subcontracting, precarious work and
unregistered employment are becoming more and more common.