The impact of public art on urban open spaces

  • elif merve alpak dr
  • tuğba düzenli
  • abdullah çiğdem
Keywords: Urban open spaces, Public art, Sense of community


Public art is the physical form of artistic expressions produced in urban open spaces such as streets, squares and parks. Art products produced in such urban open spaces contain features that affect individuals, stimulate their emotions and attract their attention. Thus, these products ensure a connection between people and the space. This relationship could help transfer the space into a place, improve the quality of the place, create a sense of place, lead to high-occupation and lively places, and establish social relationships among people. Therefore, public art allows the changes in the space and physical changes in the space, improves the quality and aesthetic value of the space, as well as improving the sense of community, social relationships, avoiding social exclusion and meeting the social requirements. Thus, there are several important correlations between public art and urban open space that require further investigation. Only a few studies, however, have acknowledged the critical relationship between urban open spaces and the art built into these spaces, and therefore there is a lack of evidence to support these claims. The present study aimed to contribute to the gap in the literature through determination of the relationship between the occupant, urban open space and art with an experimental approach. Thus, occupant views on art examples available in urban open spaces were obtained. As a result, it was determined that the places where public art is available tend to be occupied at a higher level and strengthen social relations