Importance of Rosa canina’s In Terms Of Public Health And Turkey Forestry
In this study of Rosa canina L. (Rosehip) species naturally occurring in Turkey, the importance of forestry and public health were examined. The plant diversity of our country is largely within the borders of the forest ecosystem. Forest ecosystems cover 28.6% of the country's land area of 78 million hectares. A species of distribution model studies is with demonstrated potential for spreading Rosa canina's Turkey's forests. Accordingly, the ecological valence of a very large Rosehip, Turkey was determined that spread in all the forest.
Rosa canina is of great importance in terms of economic, ecological and social aspects. Fruits is that contain ascorbic acid, flavonoids, dimethyl sulfide, protein, tannin, Na, K, P, Mn, Mg, vitamins C, A, B, K, P, flavon, malic acid, pectin, stronelol, etc. The core contains vanillin. In public are known that berries are known to be used blood-calming, strengthening, whooping cough, colds, cough and painkiller, prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, prevent gastritis and ulcers, against diabetes, leaves are known to be used against constipation and malaria. The fruit is dried and tea is used. Flowers and berries are used in the production of jam, syrup, marmalade and liquor. According to the results of in vitro and in vivo studies; antimicrobial, antioxidant, antimutagenic, anti-inflammatory agents are reported. There is also information about the use of a kind of drug used in the treatment of rabies in the past. The medical importance of Rosa canina is confirmed in pharmacopoeias of different countries. With these features, it is the most easily accessible medicinal plant in rural areas in terms of public health. Rosa canina that is one of the most important non-wood forest products is on sustainability of forest ecosystems and biodiversity conservation, is conservation in forest areas is of great importance.