Investigation of Medicinal Plant Production and Trade Potential in Turkey
This study is aimed to assess the import and export data and to determine Turkey's potential about the production of some medicinal plants between the years 2017-2018. Production quantities of the subject plants, import and export data is taken from the Turkey Statistical Institute's internet database.
The species examined in this study are as follows; asparagus (Asparagus tenuifolius), asphodel (Asphodelus aestivus), anise (Pimpinella anisum), black seed (Nigella damascena), cannabis (Cannabis sativa), canola seed (Brassica napus), carob (Ceratonia siliqua), cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp.), citrus (Citrus sp.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), curcuma (Curcuma longa), daphne (Laurus nobilis), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgar), flax seed (Linum usitatissimum), ginger (Zingiber officinale), lavender (Lavandula sp.), lemon (Citrus limon), licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), linden (Tilia sp.), melissa (Melissa officinalis), mint (Mentha sp.), niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia), orange (Citrus sinensis), pelargonium (Pelargonium graveolens), poppy seed (Papaver somniferum), rose (Rosa sp.), rosehip (Rosa canina), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), safflower seeds (Carthamus tinctorius), saffron (Crocus sativus), sage (Salvia officinalis), sumac (Rhus sp.), sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcis), thyme (Origanum sp.).
When the data obtained were examined; poppy seed (Papaver somniferum), daphne (Laurus nobilis), cumin (Cuminum cyminum) are the most exported species; Sesamum indicum, sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcis), safflower seeds (Carthamus tinctorius) are among the most imported species. In terms of the plants examined, the USA was the most exported country in 2017, followed by Vietnam and Germany; Russia was the most imported country, followed by Nigeria and the USA. In 2018, the highest exports were made to India, followed by Vietnam and the USA; Nigeria was the most imported country, followed by the USA and Russia. The most exported Essential oil species are; rose (Rosa damascena); orange (Citrus sinensis) and lavender (Lavandula sp.), While the most imported species were orange (Citrus sinensis), mint (Mentha sp.), citrus (Citrus sp)., and lemon (Citrus lemon).